What is the definition of scientific method?In the field of earth science..

Expert Answers
whoa-nelly eNotes educator| Certified Educator

I teach scientific method to my sixth graders each year, and although the steps vary by what they are called, the scientific method is an orderly process that one follows in an experiment to prove their educated guess (also called a hypothesis) to a question.  In order for others to be able to duplicate your experiment and results, the scientific method is an agreed upon method of steps to follow while conducting your experiment.

All scientific experiments begin with a question and from that question, you come up with your hypothesis after researchingi nformation or observing if needed.

Once a testable hypothesis has been formed, then a scientist would begin creating an experiment that consists of different elements, including a control and experimental group.

Once the experiment has been conducted and the researcher is able to see consistent results, then a summary is written describing the results.

Every scientist may add or delete a few elements to their scientific method, but the major elements again are:


Gather info/Research

Form a Hypothesis (Cause and Effect answer to your question)

Design an Experiment

Report Findings 

mweisenberger | Student

I teach earth science and we use the scientific method in every experiment we do. it is imperative that students are able to ask a proper question that is testable. we deal with units such as catastrophic events, rocks, tectonic plates, ect. when we investigate each unit we follow the six main steps of the scientific method. students will ask a question to a specific area of investigation, once they have an idea of what they want to investigate they will research the topic to have some back ground knowledge so they can make a hypothesis in a IF and THEN statement. students will then write out very detailed procedure steps and experiment while writing down all observation in a chart that will be placed in a graph (in applicable) students will then analyze their data and share their results. lastly they will write their conclusion based off their results and identify if your hypothesis was correct or incorrect and state why. Once the investigation is complete it must be done two more times to have any type of validation.

lafoon | Student

The scientific method is the way in which scientists follow steps to answer questions and solve problems.  The steps include stating the problem, forming a hypothesis (educated guess), testing the hypothesis, analyzing and interpreting the results, and communicating the results.  If a scientist were trying to determine what causes an earthquake, he/she would use these steps to find the answer to their question or eliminate their hypothesis as an answer to the question.

rosemary08151956 | Student

Scientific methods are inquiry, discovery, & demonstrations through a collection of data of observing & experimentings using a hypothesis.

1.  ID & define the problem.

2.  Accumulate relevant data.

3.  Make a hypothesis.

4.  Conduct experiments to test hypothesis.

5.  Interpret results.

6.  Repeat steps until acceptable solution is found.

csgreen | Student

The Scientific Method is the way scientists go about learning about the world around them. First, the observe something and make a hypothesis as to why it's happening. Then they plan an experiment to test that hypothesis. They carry out the experiment, collect data, and interpret it. Then they refine the experiment, try it a number of ways, to solidify their results and confirm them.

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