The word comprehension has its roots in Latin: comprehendere means to seize. In the Latin derived language of French, from which many English words come, the verb comprendre means to understand. Thus, reading comprehension denotes the ability to read words and grasp (seize) the meaning of these individual words as well as to understand the meaning of the groups of these words.
While many children can read aloud, calling out the individual words with the correct pronunciations, some of them do not comprehend what they read. That is, they can say all the words, but they do not understand what the combined words all mean. On the other hand, those who can read--aloud or silently--and understand what they have read, have reading comprehension. Reading comprehension, therefore, can be defined as the level of understanding of a writing. Using A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens for an example, a person with a high rate of reading comprehension would understand, not only the storyline of the novel, but also would be able to recognize parallel structures in the novel that match characters with another similar to him/her.
Reading comprehension refers to the growth of understand about whether an individual fully grasps what is read. The term carries with it much in terms of implications and applications. In terms of the latter, reading comprehension can refer to the fluid pronunciation and techniques of reading aloud, as well as being able to decode the meaning of specific terms and words in the context in which they are used in the selection, as well as separate from them. At the same time, reading comprehension can refer to being able to understand the habits of successful reading, such as making predictions, creating mental pictures in the mind as one reads, and being able to clarify meaning and author intent. The implications of reading comprehension are extremely profound, as they seek to better capture how a child learns and understands content.
We know that comprehension is pretty much synonymous with understand. Reading comprehension refers to reading with understanding. Reading comprehension exams test your ability to get information from a given piece of literature. It also tests your ability to do something with the material: use it for argument, analyze it for deeper meaning, etc.