Gender Construction

What is the definition of Gender Construction and what is it all about?

Asked on by gashubest

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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Gender, to social scientists, is not the physical difference between male and female.  Social scientists refer to this as "sex."  To social scientists, the term "gender" refers to the socially constructed differences between men and women.  Since gender is socially constructed (as opposed to being a biological fact the way sex is) gender construction is the process of creating the gender differences that exist in a society.

Gender construction is the process of defining what is masculine and what is feminine that has occurred and is occurring in a society.  As a society grows and changes, definitions of gender change.  For example, in the United States today, there seems to be a change going on in the perception of what is feminine.  Work and making money is no longer seen as completely masculine and the idea of women working outside the home, even in positions of power, is much more accepted now than it was a few decades ago.  However, this transformation is not complete and there are still double standards that exist in our expectations.  This shows how our society's construction of gender is changing.

So, gender construction is this process of creating and changing a society's vision of what it means to be a man or a woman.

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