What is the definition of all the different parts of speech, and what is their function?
I know this may sound like a simple question, but I'm going to be taking my DLAB test soon (Defense Language Aptitude Battery test), and the understunding of a verb, noun, adjective, article, subject, object, prefix, and suffix is crucial for this test. So if someone could please just give a detailed definition of the words I've listed above and an example of each, I would greatly appriciate it.
A VERB is a state of being or an action. Some examples of verbs include play, defend, go, sing, is, are, have and do.
A NOUN is an object, meaning a person, place, thing or idea. Examples include Rachel, boy, school, store, ball, groceries, and loyalty.
An ADJECTIVE is a word that describes a noun. Usually these word describes nouns in terms of texture, color, size, quantity among other descriptors. Some examples are fuzzy, funny, freezing, foiled, red, and 13.
An ARTICLE introduces a noun. The most typically use are the, a and an.
The SUBJECT is the actor of the sentence. An OBJECT can either receive the action of the subject, or it can be acted on:
Rachel kicked me the ball.
Rachel is the subject. Me and ball are both objects.
A PREFIX is a fixture for the beginning of a word that adds meaning. Some examples include un-, re-, dis-, and non-.
A SUFFIX is a fixture to the end of a word that adds meaning. Some examples include: -tion, -ness, -less, -ed.