What are the differances between socialism and communism?

Expert Answers
geosc eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Under socialism, all of the means of production are owned and run by the state.  Government bureaucrats who are answerable to politicians and not to customers, run the businesses of the nation.

Under communism, all that is produced by business and agriculture, etc., is divided equally between everyone.  Government makes the division so it runs the businesses in order to make the division.

Neither system can work except by government force.  Under both systems, everybody's life is run by the government.

There is little or no difference between socialism and communism.

skigba18 | Student

In this political system (socialism), all the non-human material of production and distribution are controlled and operated by the government on behalf of the citizens. Citizens in a socialist country work collectively for the advancemnt of the country and the government on the other hand caters for every citizen while communism is the highest stage of socialism. individual ownership of property is completely abolished in a communist state. the state owns everything and the resources are distributed to the citizens according to their needs and ability.

  • The theory and principles of communism enunciated by Karl marx and Lenin are embodied in the book titled "Communist Manifesto" published in 1848. NO country has attained the level of communism but countries like Soviet union, China, Cuma etc.... who are practising advanced socialism are aspiring to reach a communist stage.
vickyav | Student

Socialism is primarily an economic system, while communism is both poilitical and eonomic