kc4u | Student

'Defamiliarization' is a term used for the first time by the Russian Formalists in general and Victor Shklovsky in particular. In the formalistic emphasis on the structural emanation of meaning in a literary text especially the poem through the evocation of sounds, syntax and tropes, 'defamiliarization' refers to a literary process of alienating the language of poetry/literature from regular mass-speech and specializing it in differential terms. This would be in exact opposition with the Romantic linguistic project of bridging the gaps between regular speech and poetic speech/language.

This idea leads on to Bertolt Brecht's idea of the 'alienation effect' where the theatrical spectacle defamiliarizes itself from reality so as to evade the realistic fallacy of creating a theatre of illusions. In post-structuralism/deconstruction much later, when the entire accent shifts from similarity to alterity or difference, the formalist idea of defamiliarization is reinstated in a way, as it were. 

peanut11188 | Student

 the artistic technique of forcing the audience to see common things in an unfamiliar or strange way, in order to enhance perception of the familiar.

Access hundreds of thousands of answers with a free trial.

Start Free Trial
Ask a Question