what is deconstruction in literature? deconstruction

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I agree. Readers are not blank slates. They bring their experiences to a text. Writers are also not above influencing their work. A writer's personality is going to come through in some way. This makes meaning a somewhat fluid thing when it comes to books. Therefore you need to find meaning based on what the writer writes, as well as your interpretation, called deconstruction.
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Deconstruction is an approach to reading literary texts (as well as other kinds of texts) that stresses that no final, settled, secure interpretation of a text is possible. Deconstructors argue that texts cannot have sure, certain, decisive "meanings." For the self-contradictions involved in such an argument, see, for instance, Reed Way Dasenbrock's book Truth and Consequences. See also the works of other such other critics of deconstruction as M. H. Abrams, Brian Vickers, John M. Ellis, and Raymond Tallis, to mention just a few. Also worth reading are the debates between Jacques Derrida and John Searle.

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Deconstruction, in its most simplest explanation, is the examination of a text in regards to what is not being stated, what is left out. It was initiated by French philosopher Jacques Derrida in the 1960s. It is grounded in structuralism and semiotics.

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