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Lennie carries a mouse in his pocket for comfort. He likes to "pet soft things" and is soothed by the feel of fur. It is perhaps linked to his memories of his Aunt Clara who used to give him pieces of velvet to stroke.
Lennie always accidentally kills the mice he has, which foreshadows his final action of killing Curley’s wife. The mouse represents frailty, weakness and comfort, all of which we see in Curley’s wife, and part of the charm which captivates Lennie.
The use of the mouse also ties in with the title taken from the Robert Burns Poem alluding to the fact that the best laid plans of mice and men often go wrong.
The dead mouse that Lennie carries in his pocket at the beginning of the novel symbolizes Lennie's vulnerability. Similar to how the mouse is physically small and defenseless, Lennie's mental handicap leaves him helpless in a harsh and cruel world. The mouse cannot withstand Lennie's strength and dies because Lennie pets it too hard. As mentioned in the previous post, the defenseless mouse also represents Curley's wife. When Lennie grips onto her hair, she tries to escape but cannot. Similar to the dead mouse, Curley's wife is also accidently killed by Lennie. In spite of Lennie's innocence, he cannot help himself from inadvertently harming things. Alluding to Robert Burns' poem, neither mice nor men can escape their destiny. The dead mouse symbolizes how innocent creatures such as Lennie and Curley's wife cannot escape their fate.
Lennie, we quickly realise, is huge and unaware of his own strength, which frequently gets himself into trouble. He loves animals. The mouse may be a symbol of his simplicity and his otherness. After all, few grown men carry mice in their pockets. We learn that he constantly kills the mice he so loves, by literally "loving them to death" and this angers George.
The mouse image or symbol also introduces the theme which becomes the central one of the book. The inadvertent killing of the mice escalates into the killing, however, unwittingly of other larger animals such as the pup and later of course of the woman, Curly's wife, in the barn.
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