Fort Sumter Significance

What is the significance of Fort Sumter?

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thetall eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Fort Sumter is historically significant because it is the place where the first battle of the American Civil War was fought. The Fort was built to bolster the United States’ defenses in its southern ports. The situation in the south was made worse by Lincoln’s election in 1860. After South Carolina’s secession, plans were made to have Major Robert Anderson remain at Fort Moultrie. However, security issues forced Anderson to leave with his men and their families to Fort Sumter.

Anderson and his men faced considerable challenges in Fort Sumter mostly associated with insufficient supplies and hostility from Confederate forces. A relief expedition was organized to assist Anderson, but the Confederate government was determined to take over the Fort. Anderson and his men stood their ground and refused to surrender to the Confederates, forcing them to launch an attack on the Fort. Anderson and his men put up a fight but were eventually forced to surrender due to failure in getting relief from the Union, nonetheless, the Civil War had started.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The significance of Fort Sumter is that it is where the Civil War essentially started.  When the Union tried to resupply the fort and the South fired on the fort, the war was inevitable.

Fort Sumter was a fort in the harbor of Charleston, SC.  Even after South Carolina seceded from the Union, Pres. Lincoln declared that he would continue to keep Union troops in the fort.  The troops were eventually going to need to be resupplied.  Therefore, in April of 1861, Lincoln sent supplies to the fort.  South Carolina forces fired on the fort and finally took it.  This essentially started the Civil War.

krcavnar | Student

Fort Sumter, located in Charleston, South Carolina was one of two federal ports in the southern United States. Soon after the election of 1860 seven southern states succeeded from the Union.  President Lincoln declared that the Union would hold on to these two ports after the succession.  However, on April 10, 1861 the Confederate General Beauregard demanded evacuation of the post by the Union troops.  When they refused General Beauregard attacked Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861.  On April 13, 1861, Fort Sumter was captured by the Confederacy and on April 14, 1861 Major Robert Anderson surrendered to the Confederacy. 

In response to the capture of Fort Sumter, President Lincoln called on state militias to put down the rebellion.  This in turn caused more states to join the Confederacy. The battle for control of Fort Sumter marked the beginning of what was to become the Civil War.

ariah1 | Student

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