What are Daniel Boone's major accomplishments?

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Megan Clauhs eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Daniel Boone is most well known for being one of the "trailblazers" of American history. A fur trapper, hunter, and trader, Boone spent much of his life forging the Wilderness Road through the Cumberland Gap. During this period, the British crown refused to offer protection for settlers moving further west, so pushing west into the mountains and into Native American territory was dangerous. Despite many warnings from fellow settlers and Native Americans alike to stay out of that region, Boone went on to settle what became the state of Kentucky. Today, this is considered his greatest accomplishment.

Daniel Boone was active in both the French and Indian War and the American Revolution, predominantly fighting the Native Americans who were armed and aided by the enemy. During the Revolutionary War, Boone's daughters and two other young women were kidnapped by a Native American war party. Boone and some other men surprised the war party and recovered the young women. The heroism of this act elevated Boone to legendary status and would ultimately serve as the inspiration for James Fenimore Cooper's celebrated novel, The Last of the Mohicans.

Despite being known for so long as a trailblazing hero, Boone's life after the American Revolution was unhappy. He fell heavily into debt after a series of unsuccessful business ventures and moved around, eventually settling on the farm of his youngest son. He died in 1820 at the age of 85 and was buried in a grave that was not marked until nearly 15 years later. Today, he is memorialized as one of the first heroes in American history.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Daniel Boone is really famous for one major accomplishment.  His major accomplishment is that he spearheaded the exploration and settlement of what is now the State of Kentucky.

In 1767, Boone made his first trip into Kentucky on a hunting expedition.  In 1773, he made a much more important trip to Kentucky.  At that point, he brought his family and other settlers (a total of around 50 people) with him.  They were the first British (America was not yet independent at that point) people to try to establish a settlement in Kentucky.

After the Revolution (in which Boone fought, mainly against Indians), Boone became one of the leading citizens of Kentucky.  He held various positions in government in the new territory.  During this time, he helped to settle Kentucky, doing things like helping to establish roads, survey land, etc.

This was Boone's major accomplishment--he did more than any other individual to settle and develop the area that is now Kentucky.

mrgreg | Student

Daniel Boone is credited with spearheading the settlement of Kentucky. While it is unlikely that he was the first white person to visit the region, he did more to establish a permanent presence of Europeans there than any before him.

In the fall of 1767, Boone led a small hunting party through the Cumberland Gap and into the region. While this was only a brief expedition, it served to establish a viable route into Kentucky. Boone returned several times over the next few years to trap and hunt. Although he returned with little to show in the way of animal pelts, these hunting forays provided Boone with a knowledge of the region that no other colonist had.

In 1773, Boone and about 50 other settlers went to Kentucky with the intent to found the first European settlement in the region. After being attacked by the Cherokee, Boone was forced to turn back. Two years later, Boone returned to Kentucky and successfully established a permanent route into the region. This allowed the steady flow of white settlers into the territory.

Boone spent the next several years defending white settlements from Native American attacks, establishing a militia, and surveying land and roads. He was also active in the early government of the territory.

Today he is remembered, more than anything else, as an early pioneer and founder of what would eventually become the state of Kentucky.

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