George Orwell’s Animal Farm takes place in his home country of England. This is important for several reasons. First, it would make his audience feel at home with the image of a tranquil, idyllic little farm in the English countryside. This would become a stark contrast to the dictatorial rule of the end of the novel. Secondly, this sets up the neighboring farms to represent other nations England interacted with during the Second World War, specifically Germany and the United States. As Napoleon attempts to make a deal with Mr. Frederick, they have a falling out, and he later connects himself with Mr. Pilkington, who represents the Allied forces. This parallels the way Stalin and Hitler disagreed and Stalin determined to help America and Great Britain.
In setting Animal Farm in England, Orwell not only establishes the farms as an allegorical representation of nationhood, he aims to convince his readership that may be living in England, as if to say, “Communism is dangerous, and it could just as easily happen here as there.” Communism is an ideology that is not inherently Russian, and Orwell was worried to see its influence spread as the twentieth century progressed.