These years encompass the French Revolution and the resulting Napoleonic Wars, in which the French were militarily engaged with many different European countries. Inspired by the American Revolution, in which the French joined with the colonies against Great Britain, the French Revolution began in the late 1780s.
- FRENCH FIRST REPUBLIC (1792-1804). Prior to the rise of Napoleon, France warred with Austria and Prussia as well as the British (primarily in Egypt and Ireland).
- FIRST FRENCH EMPIRE (1804-1815). Napoleon's reign achieved vast empires over most of Europe. Although Russia and Prussia were one-time allies, Napoleon's disastrous invasion of Russia led to his downfall. French allies included Poland, Italy, Holland, Denmark, Norway and most of the German states. French opposition came from Great Britain and its allies: Austria, Russia, Prussia, Spain, Portugal, Sweden, Holland and a few smaller nations.