What are the countries that conquered China?

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China is unique in that it has an unbroken history and culture dating back four thousand years; no other civilization has lasted half so long. However, this does not mean their history has been peaceful. Warfare was common both within and outside their borders.

By far the most famous invaders of China were the Mongols led by Genghis Khan, beginning in 1235 and lasting until 1279, when China was finally subjugated. This made China part of the "Great Yuan," a huge empire covering much of eastern Asia. Never before had the Chinese been totally taken over by an outside power, and it is remembered as a great humiliation in national history. However, it lasted just 150 years, as the Black Death and infighting led to a total collapse of the Mongol Empire.

The next invasion came from the Manchurian Qing, who launched their own dynasty over a process that took nearly the entire 1600s, eventually bringing all of China under their control and establishing the Qing dynasty, who ruled the fourth-largest empire in human history for the next three hundred years.

Lastly, starting in 1931, the Japanese invaded Manchuria and captured cities along China's east coast. The next fifteen years would see a huge chunk of China's food, metal, energy, and money siphoned off to Japan's military as they built an empire throughout the Pacific.

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Since its inception as a single unified nation in 221 BCE under the rule of the Qin dynasty, China has faced numerous military invasions. The Mongol invasion of the 13th century lasted several decades and culminated in the establishment of the Yuan dynasty by Kublai Kahn in 1279. This represented the first time that the whole of China had been conquered by an outside force and come under the absolute rule of a foreign power. Following the collapse of the Yuan dynasty and the return of power to native Han Chinese, the country was again conquered by Manchurian tribes in the early to mid 1600s. The Manchus once again brought China under the rule of a foreign power with the establishment of the Qing dynasty. During World War II, is what is known as the Second Sino-Japanese War, Japan invaded and controlled substantial territories within China's borders, but failed to truly conquer the nation and bring it under foreign control before surrendering to allied forces.

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