What is the Counter-Reformation?

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The Counter-Reformation (also known as the Catholic Reformation), which dates from 1560 to 1648, was the Catholic Church's response to the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century.  The Counter-Reformation served as a strong and rather conservative reaction to Protestantism.  The Counter-Reformation served, in many respects, as the Catholic Church's response to Martin Luther.  The Counter-Reformation, in many respects, led directly to the birth of the modern Catholic Church.  The reforms of the Counter-Reformation led to the end of the selling indulgences, better education for priests, reformulated church laws, and the establishment standardized worship services. 

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