Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

The Counter-Reformation (also known as the Catholic Reformation), which dates from 1560 to 1648, was the Catholic Church's response to the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century.  The Counter-Reformation served as a strong and rather conservative reaction to Protestantism.  The Counter-Reformation served, in many respects, as the Catholic Church's response to Martin Luther.  The Counter-Reformation, in many respects, led directly to the birth of the modern Catholic Church.  The reforms of the Counter-Reformation led to the end of the selling indulgences, better education for priests, reformulated church laws, and the establishment standardized worship services. 

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team

We’ll help your grades soar

Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now.

  • 30,000+ book summaries
  • 20% study tools discount
  • Ad-free content
  • PDF downloads
  • 300,000+ answers
  • 5-star customer support
Start your 48-Hour Free Trial