What are Cordelia's and Kent's traits in King Lear?

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As he grew older and more experienced, successful, and confident as a playwright, Shakespeare learned he could express his own views and feelings through his characters. Cordelia here is telling the truth about human nature, evolution, and parent-child--especially father-daughter--relations. Little girls typically adore their fathers up to a certain age, but evolution has programmed them to turn their attentions and affections away to young and unrelated males. In modern life we see adolescent girls develop an interest in actors, rock stars, and others they used to call "those horrid boys!" Fathers, like Lear, continue to love their children as before, but they find themselves quarreling with their sons and have to realize that their daughters no longer consider them handsome, or wise, or funny, or anything else but rather quaint.

Cordelia is stating the simple fact that when girls reach adolescence they develop interests in males other than their fathers--although their fathers hopefully may serve as models of the kind of husbands the girls would like to have. 

Good my lord,
You have begot me, bred me, loved me: I
Return those duties back as are right fit,
Obey you, love you, and most honor you.
Why have my sisters husbands, if they say
They love you all? Haply, when I shall wed,
That lord whose hand must take my plight shall carry
Half my love with him, half my care and duty:
Sure, I shall never marry like my sisters,
To love my father all.

Cordelia is already thinking about finding a husband, leaving home, leaving her father, having children and a home of her own. Lear is losing her, whether he likes it or not. 

Goneril and Regan have long since seen through their dad and have completely broken away from him emotionally--but Lear still had hopes for Cordelia.

I loved her most, and thought to set my rest
On her kind nursery

He is a selfish, inconsiderate old man. He counted on Cordelia because she was his youngest, still unmarried, still "his," still presumably attached to him and still under his influence. He wouldn't mind keeping her beside him until he died and she was too old to get married. One of the many things he has to learn through his coming ordeal is concern for other people.

Since Juliet was only thirteen in Romeo and Juliet, we might suppose that Cordelia is not much older. Lear is astonished by her apparent change, although he is only experiencing what most fathers will have to accept in their little girls when the time comes:

So young, and so untender?

Cordelia still seems as candid as a child. This seems to be our only way of explaining why she is so uncompromisingly honest. She speaks the truth because she doesn't know how to lie. Duplicity takes age and experience--but we all have to learn what the Fool tells Lear:

Truth's a dog must to kennel.

Cordelia's candor costs her one-third of a kingdom and eventually her life.

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Cordelia is a character with depth, capable of deep, abiding love.  She is reserved and perhaps a little standoffish, refusing to spoil the true nature of her feeling for her King Lear, her father, with empty and profuse proclamations.  In the beginning of the play, she declines to verbally declare her devotion to her father when requested, and her silence leads her father to disown her.  Even so, the fact that Cordelia loves her father is obvious, shown through action if not through words.

Cordelia is loyal, and remains devoted to her father even though, time and time again, he treats her badly.  She is more concerned with his welfare than with herself, and being the type of person who demonstrates her devotion by what she does, goes out on a limb to save him when she sees him at the mercy of her cruel sisters Goneril and Regan.

Kent is another character who is notable for his unselfish devotion to King Lear.  He is compassionate, sticking up for Cordelia when Lear denies her, and is rudely banished by the King for his efforts.  Still, Kent remains loyal, donning a disguise so that he can continue to protect his King.  Kent's kindness stems from a deep inner sense of honor and morality, and, like Cordelia, he is a man of action, demonstrating his love through his deeds more than with his words.

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