What are the conventions of comedy and tragedy in Shakespeare or literature in general?

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The conventions in Shakespearean tragedy are largely the same as those identified by Aristotle. In Shakespeare, as in Aristotle's Poetics, a tragedy

  • has a sympathetic hero who is of noble birth, or more generally who begins the play in an elevated social position;
  • involves this character falling from grace and succumbing to disaster because of his own behavior;
  • showcases the character's "fatal flaw," which causes this behavior;
  • and provides some kind of

(The entire section contains 218 words.)

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