Old Major’s speech in Animal Farm and Antony’s speech in The Tragedy of Julius Caesar both achieve their goal of rousing their audiences into action. In Animal Farm the animals begin preparing for their revolution. In The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, the Roman citizens turn against Brutus, Cassius, and the rest of the conspirators and run them out of town.
They are different, however, in terms of the speakers’ motivations. Old Major genuinely believes in what he is saying and wants the best for the animals. He knows he will not live to see the revolution and therefore will not profit from it.
But Antony’s motivation is quite different. He wants the crowd to turn against the conspirators so that he can take power for himself. His speech is manipulative, whereas Old Major was inspiring. Antony basically “tricks” the Romans into turning against the conspirators by promising them money from Caesar’s will.