What constituent parts are required for maintaining a good ethos in the Nichomachean Ethics?How does Aristotle construct a metaphysics by which he can formalize ethical notions (virtue and the Good...

What constituent parts are required for maintaining a good ethos in the Nichomachean Ethics?

How does Aristotle construct a metaphysics by which he can formalize ethical notions (virtue and the Good in relation to many different activities)? Aristotle claims that "every art and every inquiry aim at some good", but what does he mean by this "aim" into an approach toward understanding the goal of human activity?

Expert Answers
clane eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In order to maintain a good ethos, or moral standard in Nicomachean Ethics, you must first understand the focus of the ethics. Nicomachean ethics focuses on the importance of habitually behaving virtuously and developing a virtuous character. Aristotle emphasized the importance of context to ethical behavior, and the ability of the virtuous person to recognize the best course of action. He maintained that if we attempt to do right in all situations in an ethical way that we will always be happy and if we do wrong then we will not be happy. Happiness, Aristotle believes is the sole purpose in life and that a person's pursuit of happiness (eudaimonia is the Greek term for happiness) in life will yield only good ethos. He argues that any person acting without virtue is going against human nature's desire and pursuit for happiness and that the pursuit of happiness will always result in maintaining good ethos. 

 

The remainder of your question, for me at least, exceeds the answer length we are allowed to give. Can you ask your follow up tomorrow?