There are many parallels between the Scottsboro trials and To Kill a Mockingbird. One is the place and time period, as To Kill a Mockingbird was set in 1930s Alabama, which is where the Scottsboro case took place as well. Both involved allegations of rape by a black man (several black young men in the case of Scottsboro) of a white woman. There were actually two alleged victims in the Scottsboro case. Fundamentally, however, Lee's book (published in the 1950s) and the trials themselves raised serious questions about race relations and the inherent inequalities of segregation. Harper Lee herself made this point later in her life, claiming that while she did not base the book specifically on the events at Scottsboro, that they served the "same purpose" as To Kill a Mockingbird.