What are the connections between work and human salvation as understood in Hinduism, Judaism and Islam? The origins of Judaism, Islam and Hinduism have particular specific similarities and differences in the way they interpret and allow work in respect to their beliefs and morality.  How are they similar and how are they different?

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In searching around for some discussions of this topic, I found an extremely interesting article by Daniel Pipes, who argues that both Judaism and Islam stress the importance of works (more than faith) than does Christianity. I have always thought of Pipes as fairly hostile to Islam, so I was surprised to discover this article.  Reading it was illuminating and made me rethink some of my assumptions about Pipes.  As always, however, it is good to consult a range of sources on any issue as significant as this one.

 

http://www.danielpipes.org/160/the-jewish-muslim-connection-traditional-ways-of-life

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Islam in particular stresses works as a sign of obedience to God. You might think of the pilgrimage to Mecca in those terms, and of course prayer five times a day. Muslims are also required (if able) to give alms to the poor, another work. Judaism also tends to place a great emphasis on orthopraxy, which basically means the correct practices in worshiping God and in living one's life.

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I know that some texts of Hinduism stress the importance of doing work without thinking about the outcome, emphasizing instead a connection/engagement in the activity.

This is related to the idea of erasing the ego and identifying with the gestalt of the moment.

Christianity stresses the notion of doing good work, and Hinduism does this too, as a means of 1) finding humility by serving others and 2) enacting the highest values associated with each religion - compassion, mercy, and empathy.

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All of these religions support a belief in God and moral behavior. In addition, these religions specifically provide guidelines for living life. Some of these guidelines are specific to that particular religion, and some of them are in common.
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