What is the connection between Tayo, Rocky, Josiah, and the Japanese?

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

The literal answer is that Tayo and Rocky (cousins who were raised as brothers, although Rocky was always treated better) fought during WWII in Japan. At one point, Tayo refuses to kill a Japanese soldier, insisting that the man is his uncle Josiah. Although Rocky tries to explain that the man can't possibly be Josiah, Tayo insists he is.

There are much deeper meanings at work here though. Tayo's experience in WWII, especially his inability to save Rocky, has led to seemingly incurable psychological problems, as well as a crippling sense of guilt. He is also convinced of the interconnectedness of all life, blaming himself for the drought on the reservation because he cursed the rains in Japan. This also explains the hallucination of Josiah as the Japanese soldier; for Tayo, every life is connected.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team

We’ll help your grades soar

Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now.

  • 30,000+ book summaries
  • 20% study tools discount
  • Ad-free content
  • PDF downloads
  • 300,000+ answers
  • 5-star customer support
Start your 48-Hour Free Trial