What are the various conflicts between the characters throughout The Lion and the Jewel by Wole Soyinka?  

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The primary conflict in the story exists between Baroka and Lakunle, two men who are competing for the love of Sidi. Both men are deceptive and in many ways not what they seem. Lakunle comes across as a modern liberal, a man very preoccupied with progress and what is new. In reality, he only has concern with marrying a young woman in the village.

He proves no match for Baroka, who is more cunning and devious than his outward demeanor suggests. By pretending to be impotent, he easily manipulates those around him and eventually seduces Sidi, winning the central conflict of the play.

This conflict is representative of a conflict on a national scale. It functions as an allegory for the Nigerian people who are caught between modernism and tradition. Baroka, the "lion" of the play, is a symbol of this tradition. While he feigns impotence, Sidi, who represents the heart of the Nigerian people, soon comes to know his power.

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There is conflict between the characters of Lakunle and Baroka over who will marry the village jewel, Sidi. The two characters also represent the larger conflict that exists between impending modernity and traditional culture. Lakunle is an outspoken proponent of adopting Western civilization and culture, while Baroka supports traditional African ways of life. There is also conflict between Sidi and Baroka, as well as friction between Lakunle and Sadiku. Sidi becomes conceited after her images in a foreign magazine make her famous, and she mocks Baroka to his face. Sidi wants to be the most revered person in the village of Ilujinle and makes fun of the Bale for being old. Sadiku also challenges Lakunle's masculinity, and the two characters argue about the future of their village. At the end of the play, Baroka wins Sidi's heart and marries her, which also symbolically represents a victory for traditional Yoruba culture.

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