What condition is Johnny in after the fire in The Outsiders?

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Johnny is injured so badly that he succumbs to his injuries and dies.

Of the three boys who were injured in the fire, Johnny was in the worst condition. He was badly burned when part of the barn fell on him. Pony was told about his injuries by the man...

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Johnny is injured so badly that he succumbs to his injuries and dies.

Of the three boys who were injured in the fire, Johnny was in the worst condition. He was badly burned when part of the barn fell on him. Pony was told about his injuries by the man who took him to the hospital, who Pony initially thought was a schoolteacher. 

He burned one arm pretty badly, though, trying to drag the other kid out the window. Johnny, well, I don't know about him. A piece of timber caught him across the back — he might have a broken back, and he was burned pretty severely (Chapter 6).

At the hospital, Pony sees Johnny and Dally brought in on stretchers. Dally is cursing out the nurses, but Johnny is unconscious. His face is not burned, but his injuries are worse than they appear. Johnny looks “very pale and still and sort of sick.”

When they finally get an update on Johnny's condition, it turns out to be as bad or worse than they had expected:

He was in critical condition. His back had been broken when that piece of timber fell on him. He was in severe shock and suffering from third-degree burns. They were doing everything they could to ease the pain, although since his back was broken he couldn't even feel the burns below his waist (Chapter 7).

There is nothing that can be done for Johnny. The greasers are able to visit him, even though they are not family, because the doctors realize they are Johnny's real family. Johnny refuses to see his mother.

After the rumble, Pony and Dally go back to visit Johnny.  They are just in time. Johnny tells Pony to stay gold and dies. Dally runs off, horrified and plagued with grief. He was not as badly injured as Johnny, but he later robs a grocery store and runs at the cops, essentially committing suicide.

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In chapter 6, Johnny, Ponyboy, and Dally return to the abandoned church on Jay Mountain to discover it is on fire and there are children inside. Ponyboy and Johnny courageously enter the burning church and begin throwing the defenseless children to safety. After all the children make it to safety, Johnny saves Ponyboy's life by shoving him out of a window. When Ponyboy turns back to reenter the burning building to save Johnny, a massive beam falls from the crumbling ceiling and lands on Johnny's back. Despite the fact that Dally is able to drag Johnny from the church and save his life, Johnny suffers a broken back and is in critical condition. In the hospital, the doctors tell Johnny he will never be able to walk again. Johnny struggles to survive for a few days after suffering his terrible injuries and has an emotional conversation with Ponyboy about his physical condition. Unfortunately, Johnny is unable to recover from his injuries and dies in the hospital.

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While trying to save the last of the children from the church, the roof begins to collapse on the boys. Johnny pushes Ponyboy out of the building just as a large piece of timber falls on top of him.

Johnny receives severe third degree burns on much of his body. His back is broken and the doctors inform Darry and Ponyboy that Johnny will most likely be paralyzed if he survives his injuries. While Ponyboy and Dallas soon recover from their injuries, Johnny seems to get worse as the days pass. He hangs on for about a week before he finally succumbs to his injuries. He passes away the night of the rumble. Ponyboy and Dallas arrive just as Johnny passes away.

 

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It seems as if Johnny took in too much smoke during his rescue efforts during the fire. Ponyboy and Dallas leave with only a few scratches and burns, but Johnny arrives at the hospital pale and unconscious due to the fact that a large beam clobbered him in the church; this also means that he suffered a horrible head injury. Smoke inhalation and a bad concussion could be precursors to lack of oxygen and internal bleeding, not to mention the fact that brain injuries can be worse if there is blood-clotting that cuts off circulation throughout the body or to the brain itself. As a result, Johnny does die because of his injuries, whereas Ponyboy and Dallas remain to fight the big rumble with the Socs.

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