What Is The Composition Of Cigarette Smoke?

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stephcooper19 | Student, Undergraduate | eNotes Newbie

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,[1][dead link] the following are known human carcinogens found in cigarette smoke:

ChemicalAmount (per cigarette)Acetaldehyde 980 micrograms to 1.37 milligrams Acrylonitrile formerly 1 to 2 milligrams. This product was used as a fumigant in tobacco. Its use has since been discontinued. 4-Aminobiphenyl 0.2 to 23 nanograms per cigarette o-Anisidine hydrochloride unknown Arsenic unknown Benzene 5.9 to 75 micrograms Beryllium 0.5 nanograms 1,3-Butadiene 152 to 400 micrograms Cadmium 1.7 micrograms 1,1-Dimethylhydrazine unknown Ethylene oxide unknown Formaldehyde unknown Furan unknown Heterocyclic amines unknown Hydrazine 32 micrograms Isoprene  :3.1 milligrams Lead unknown 2-Naphthylamine 1.5 to 35 nanograms Nitromethane unknown N-Nitrosodi-n-butylamine 3 nanograms N-Nitrosodiethanolamine 24 to 36 nanograms N-Nitrosodiethylamine up to 8.3 nanograms N-Nitrosodimethylamine 5.7 to 43 nanograms N-Nitrosodi-n-propylamine 1 nanogram 4-(N-Nitrosomethylamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone up to 4.2 micrograms N-Nitrosonornicotine 14 micrograms N-Nitrosopiperidine unknown N-Nitrosopyrrolidine 113 nanograms N-Nitrososarcosine 22 to 460 nanograms Polonium-210 variable, depending on soil and fertilizer used to grow tobacco[2] Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons 28 to 100 milligrams o-Toluidine 32 nanograms Vinyl chloride 5.6 to 27 nanograms
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fact-finder | (Level 3) Valedictorian

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Cigarette smoke contains about 4,000 chemicals. Carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, and nicotine are some of the major components. Minor components include acetone, acetylene, formaldehyde, propane, hydrogen cyanide, toluene, and many others.

Sources: Involuntary Smoking, p. 6; Larson, David E., ed. Mayo Clinic Family Health Book: The Ultimate Home Medical Reference, p. 409; Prevention's Giant Book of Health Facts, p. 198.

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