What are the components of a monounsaturated fat?

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trophyhunter1 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

A monounsaturated fat is an organic compound. Its components consist of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms. However, the arrangement of atoms is a single double bond in the fatty acid chain with all the rest of the carbon atoms single bonded in the molecule. A fatty acid is composed of a carboxyl group and an alkyl group.  A double bond helps eliminate hydrogen atoms. This type of fat has fewer calories than saturated and can remain a liquid at room temperature. Examples include seeds, avocados, olive oil, nuts and canola oil.  Monounsaturated fats found in oils and some other fatty foods are considered to be "good fats" as they can help improve serum cholesterol levels in the body as well as help with blood sugar control.