Lord of the Flies by William Golding

Lord of the Flies book cover
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What is a complication in Lord of the Flies?  

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In Lord of the Flies, a complication occurs between Ralph's boys and Jack's boys. Ralph represents order and restraint while Jack represents savagery and evilness. Ralph desires to follow the rules of a civilized society. Jack gives in to an uncivilized state of mind. Jack becomes more than savage in his actions. He and his hunters enjoy torturing a sow. Roger twists his spear which is inside the anus of the sow: 

They corner the wounded pig, and when she falls they are on her. Roger is particularly cruel, driving in his spear slowly by leaning his weight upon it until the sow screams in agony. Then Jack cuts its throat.

The boys become hysterical as they seem to enjoy the agony that the sow is enduring:

Jack begins to rub the blood on his hands onto Maurice, and then they notice Roger withdraw his spear. They become hysterical because he had pinned the sow by driving the spear through its anus.

Clearly, Jack and his hunters have exposed their dark side. They have complicated life on the island. While Ralph is trying keep order and regulations as part of the process, Jack is encouraging his hunters to live dangerously as they expose their evil actions. They have no remorse for taking the life of a pig. Furthermore, Jack and his hunters decapitate the pig and leave its head hanging on a stick. 

Truly, Ralph is losing control of the boys. Jack is winning. Things are truly complicated on the island. It seems that Ralph is fighting a losing battle. He cannot get the boys to help him keep a fire going to signal a ship that may be passing by.  

Jack has become a god to his hunters. He is guarded and protected by his boys. He complicates things by making up his own rules. He enforces the rules with physical punishment. He leads by intimidation. He is rebellious. Through his intimidation and rebelliousness, Jack feels he is the only true leader.

By the end he is compared to an “ape” and called a “savage.”

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