What is the comparison to the old colossus in "The New Colossus"?

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In 1883, Emma Lazarus wrote “The New Colossus ,” a poem that described the Statue of Liberty that was given to the Americans by the French and that would soon mark the entrance to New York Harbor. In the poem, she contrasts this "New Colossus” to the "Old Colossus,"...

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In 1883, Emma Lazarus wrote “The New Colossus,” a poem that described the Statue of Liberty that was given to the Americans by the French and that would soon mark the entrance to New York Harbor. In the poem, she contrasts this "New Colossus” to the "Old Colossus," or the Colossus of Rhodes, a statue that stood at entrance and that greeted any who sailed into Greece. Lazarus contrasts the statues in terms of their purpose and significance to their respective countries.

The New Colossus, or the Statue of Liberty, is a strong and welcoming woman. She is a symbol of liberty, but more than that, she offers the promise that America will provide refuge for all in need and guard and support them like a nurturing mother. The statue of the woman holding the torch was originally intended to be a symbol of enlightenment for immigrants who came to America to escape oppression in their homelands. However, Lazarus conveyed the message that the statue was a symbol of welcome, unlike the Colossus of Rhodes, which was a symbol of conquest. The Colossus of Rhodes was intended to intimidate people who saw the statue on the Greek shore, whereas the Statue of Liberty stood as a promise of love and protection. Thus, Lazarus contrasts the statues by linking the Statue of Liberty with motherhood and nurturing, and the Colossus of Rhodes with masculinity and oppression. The Old Colossus stood for a country that valued its ability to conquer and control, while the New Colossus represented a country dedicated to the welfare of the people.

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