What are common themes in Frankenstein by Mary Shelley and The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini?

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Arguably, the greatest theme of Frankenstein is the idea of secrecy. Victor’s passion to create life is shrouded in secrecy. His success is also shrouded in the same secrecy. When the monster comes to life, Victor cannot confess his creation to anyone, due to his fear and shame. So he keeps the truth inside. When the monster starts killing, he has to keep the secret even tighter. Finally, Victor reaches a point where he can confess, and he does so to Walton.

The Kite Runner plays with the same idea of secrecy after Amir's childhood betrayal of Hassan.

As Hassan is running to fetch a kite, a number of boys surround him: Wali, Kamal, and Assef. Assef ends up raping him. Amir sees this act, but he acts like he did not, because he was afraid to stand up to the boys. Guilt racks Amir. Compounding this guilt is the fact that Amir frames Hassan and gets him in trouble with Baba. Hassan then moves away. Amir holds this secret inside for years, and it haunts him as an adult.

Along with this idea of secrecy, there is the weight of guilt for both Amir and Hasan. If you think about this a bit, you will see there is a lot of fruitful content.

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Both Frankenstein and The Kite Runner deal with several similar themes, though separated by years of history and with very different authorship. In Frankenstein, Victor Frankenstein is appalled by the monstrosity of his creation. He is devastated by what he has done, and spends the entire novel trying to kill the monster and avenge the deaths of his loved ones. 

Similarly, Amir spends much of The Kite Runner trying to escape the monstrosity he witnessed when he saw Assef beat and rape Hassan. Amir tries to make his own amends by adopting Hassan's son. 

Father-son relationships are also themes in both novels. Though Victor's relationship with his father in Frankenstein is fairly typical, his relationship to his created son, the Creature, is atypical. He rejects his "son" entirely, and the Creature is left alone and parentless. The Creature becomes monstrous because he is never shown love. Victor never has biological children because the Creature murders his wife on their wedding night. 

In The Kite Runner, Amir's father is ashamed of his introverted and bookish tendencies, which creates tension in their relationship, as does their move to the US. Like Victor, Amir is unable to have children with his wife, and instead adopts his brother's son in an attempt to create a family. 

Because both novels deal intimately with shame, making amends, and family relationships, the theme of identity can be said to encompass all these smaller themes into a larger, unifying theme that runs across both stories.

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