What comes under style when analysing a prose?    

Expert Answers
mstultz72 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Here are the big ones (bulleted) with examples under each:

  • Diction:

-high frequency (everyday) words vs. low frequency (specialty) words

-monosyllabic words vs. multi-syllabic

-contractions, articles vs. elliptical writing

-1st person pronouns vs. 2nd vs. 3rd

-action verbs, active tense vs. passive

-colloquial vs. jargon, technical

-Anglo-Saxon words vs. Greek, Latin

  • Sentence Types:

-short, choppy vs. long, wordy

-compound sentences (lots of coordinating) vs. complex vs. simple

  • Point of View:

-1st Person (I –oriented) vs. 3rd Person (It-oriented)

-subjective vs. objective

-informal (causal) vs. formal

-male (macho) vs. female

  • Rhetorical Appeal:

-ethos (credibility) vs. pathos (emotion) vs. logos (reason)

-trustworthiness of the writer or speaker vs. topic vs. audience

-inductive reasoning vs. deductive

  • Conventions:

stream of consciousness

-in medias res

-irony

-metaphor, simile

-allegories

-double meanings

  • Medium:

-fiction

-journalism

-advertising

-textbooks

Doug Stuva eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The idea of style is multi-faceted and can be complicated.  You're probably looking for something concrete that you can apply to a prose work so I'll give you a list: 

  • Diction or word choice
  • Syntax or word order/sentence structure
  • Imagery
  • Tone
  • Voice
  • Point of View
  • Form or arrangement
  • Rhythm (possibly, in a prose work)

Those are some things you can analyze when you study the style of a prose piece.

In general, style pertains to the manner in which ideas are presented by an individual.  There should be a meshing of the individual, the ideas presented, and the finished work.  The style should fit the ideas and vice-versa.  The style should fit the intent.