What is colonalism? What is colonial rule in india?

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mkoren | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Senior Educator

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Colonialism refers to a country that controls another land either with or without its permission.  Countries want to be a colonial power because it offers advantages for the colonizing country.  Usually the colonizing country is able to benefit from this arrangement economically. They are able to get natural resources cheaply.  They also are able to establish markets for their finished goods.  This helps the industries in the colonizing country to prosper. It also helps the colonizing country in political and social terms.  By controlling these lands, the colonizing country often uses its colony as a base for its army and/or navy.  This helps them in case of war.  This relationship usually helps the colonizing country to become a stronger country. Socially, it allows the colonizing country to spread its way of life to what it believes is an underdeveloped region. This often includes the spread of religion as well as the spread of culture.  In India, the British were the colonial power.  Colonial rule in India describes what happened in India while the British were there.  The Indian people eventually felt Britain was benefiting from this colonial relationship much more than the people of India were benefitting.  Eventually, led by Gandhi, the people of India got their independence from Great Britain in 1947.  India is a good example of how colonialism usually works.

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