The Coercive Acts, also known as the Intolerable Acts, were designed to punish the colonists, especially those in Massachusetts, for the Boston Tea Party.
The Intolerable Acts did several things. First, it closed the port of Boston until the colonists paid for the tea that was destroyed. This port was important to the colonists of Massachusetts since many products that were manufactured and traded passed through this port. It also gave the governor of Massachusetts more power. Town meetings were also suspended. The Intolerable Acts also made it possible for British troops to be housed in private homes. This was something that was resented by the colonists, who strongly disliked the presence of British troops in Massachusetts. Finally, British officials accused of crimes in the colonies could have their trials in England instead of in the colonies.
The Intolerable Acts alarmed the colonists. While these laws were mainly aimed at Massachusetts, the colonists realized that similar laws could be implemented anywhere throughout the colonies at any time.