Lord of the Flies begins with the boys landing on a deserted island and having to establish social rules to form a society without the presence of adults. The plot picks up the pace as the conflict between Ralph and Jack is revealed and the mistreatment of Piggy. Darwin's theory of the survival of the fittest soon becomes evident and leads to the climax. The conflict between Ralph and Jack leads to a rise in the action as Jack tries to kill Ralph, who is running for his life.
The climax occurs when the boys have Ralph running for his life at the near end of the story. The boys are chasing him and trying to spear him. Madness has taken over. Ralph screams and runs, dodging the spears, and just when he is about to be killed, he falls, believing he has stumbled over a root and will be killed. The climax is reached.