Expert Answers
vmoriarity eNotes educator| Certified Educator

A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a predicate.  The clause may be dependent,  which means it does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone, or it might be independent clause, which means it does express a complete thought and complete thought and can stand alone by itself.

Examples: 

Dependent clause:  because the work was piling up

Independent clause:  The work was piling up.

dukesnyder1027 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Answer 1 is good, but you may have been asking about the difference between a clause and a phrase, which does not have a subject-verb combination:

The game was over.  Independent clause

After the game was over.  Dependent clause

After the game.  Prepositional phrase (no verb)

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