London at the time of the publication of "A Christmas Carol" in 1843 was one of the most populous and filthy cities in Europe, experiencing unprecedented growth as the Industrial Revolution in England shifted into high gear. City life for the poor was grim; high mortality rates (especially amongst children) limited opportunities for advancement or education, cramped and unsanitary housing existed in proportions that were inconceivable a dozen years earlier. London simply wasn't ready for the influx of people that flocked to the city in search of factory jobs that paid better than farming.
A generation earlier, such jobs didn't exist; in fact, the people didn't exist either. Industrialization had raised the standard of living in England so that the population exploded; many more people could survive, but just barely; certainly they would have little chance to thrive. Dickens was describing the social impact during that difficult cultural transition in England from an agrarian to an industrial economy. For a few during this time, vast fortunes in industry were made. "A Christmas Carol" is therefore Dickens's plea for the city's wealthy, who would have been the ones reading his story when it was first published, to act in their own best interest by aiding the destitute of early Victorian London.
A generation later, such aid established schools, sanitation, housing, and other infrastructure, and the lives and prospects of the "working class" rose.
"The Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens is a story of redemption. It is a story about a man who receives a second chance to do good for the people around him. Ebenezer Scrooge was a business man in London. He was stingy and mean. Scrooge would not give to charities, let Bob Cratchit have time off, or be kind to anyone in any way.
On Christmas Eve Scrooge goes to his dark, cold, empty home and complains about Christmas to everyone he meets. After arriving home he gets into his bed clothes. He is first visited by the ghost of his former partner Jacob Marley who is in chains and he tells Scrooge he must change his ways. After that Scrooge is visited by 3 more ghosts. The Ghost of Christmas Past, The Ghost of Christmas Present and The Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come. By the end of the Spirits visits Scrooge is a change man. He doesn't want to end up like his Jacob Marley. He goes to visit the Cratchits and brings them food and gifts. He even promises to make sure that Tiny Tim, Cratchit's youngest child, who is crippled, the finest doctors to help cure him. He give money to charity, and eventually comes to the decision that he is very lucky to have been offered a second chance in life.
It is aplay held in london on a christmas eve.In this a character called Ebenezer Scrooge who changes his attitude.his business partner Jacob Marley and the three spirits made him merciful,benevolent,made him a Christmas a business for him.