What are the characteristics of Supranationalism?

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farouk23 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Supranationalism can be described as a process of multilateral decision and policy creation that transfers decision making authority from individual nation states to multilateral institutions and organizations. Some organizations and entities that could be described as supranational are:                                 

  1. The International Criminal Court (ICC)
  2. The European Union
  3. The World Trade Organization 

The major characteristics or features of supranationalism are: 

  1. It is based on international treaties
  2. Its legal authority supersedes domestic law
  3. Decisions usually come about as a result of consensus among member states
  4. Joining such organizations means given up parts of an individual states sovereignty
laurto | Student

Supranationalism is a method of making decisions in multi-national political communities, where power is transferred or delegated to an authority by governments of member states. This concept is sometimes used to describe the European Union, as a new type of political entity.