What characteristics distinguish fungi from plants?

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trophyhunter1 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Kingdom fungi include organisms that are heterotrophic and therefore rely on organic matter for nutrition. Fungi are important organisms because they can carry out nutrient cycling in the soil. Some fungi for example yeast, can carry out fermentation and their products as a result of this, can be consumed as beer and wine. Examples of fungi include yeast, bread mold, mildew and mushrooms.  Fungi contain cell walls made of chitin. The Plantae Kingdom include autotrophic organisms capable of manufacturing their own organic nutrients(used for food) like glucose from inorganic raw materials--carbon dioxide and water. This process is known as photosynthesis. Sunlight is the energy necessary for this chemical reaction to occur and plant cells contain chlorophyll which is a green pigment able to absorb visible light  for this process to proceed. The cell walls of plant cells contain the carbohydrate cellulose. Both fungi and plants contain eukaryotic cells.

trishad1253 | Student

Fungi do not have a root system, stems or leaves like plants.  Fungi are capable of making their own food and plants can not.  Plants photosynthesize to get their food. Fungi decompose their food.  Plants have a cell wall where as fungi do not.  Fungi reproduce from spores and plants reproduce from seeds. 

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