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What characteristics of culture, race, and ethnicity may play a key role in diversity?    

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Mary Sutton eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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I'll go a little deeper into the previous educator's response. However, I must assert that there is no scientific basis for race. Scientists have found that, genetically, there is "no single absolute genetic difference" between an African and a European. The racial classification system that separates peoples of the world into three major groups, which the previous educator mentions, is based on anthropological research and pseudoscience from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In other words, with the benefits of technology, we understand how phenotypical differences arise and we also know that much of the "science" on race from previous centuries was based on the biases of the researchers.

For instance, craniometry and phrenology—two pseudosciences—were developed in the nineteenth century. Both used skull measurements to determine personality and intelligence, and often researchers drew the conclusions that black people had less impressive skulls, thereby making them less...

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Madeleine Wells eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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