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Moses, the raven, represents the Russian Orthodox Church in Russia and/or Rasputin, the influential "mad monk" during days of the early Soviet Union and of the Bolshevik revolution.
Orwell intended the book to be a condemnation of the corruption brought on by Stalin and this book met with so much controversy that Orwell had trouble finding someone who had the courage to publish a book that cast a shadow on totalitarianism, socialism, and dictatorships.
See the eNotes links below for more information of the historical context and characters of the novel.
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