At the beginning of the story, Ralph is a composed, optimistic leader, who has faith that the boys can create a civilized society on the island before they are eventually rescued. Ralph trusts that the boys will follow his directives and does not initially have any concerns about being elected...
At the beginning of the story, Ralph is a composed, optimistic leader, who has faith that the boys can create a civilized society on the island before they are eventually rescued. Ralph trusts that the boys will follow his directives and does not initially have any concerns about being elected chief. With Piggy's help, Ralph makes a list of priorities and tries his best to organize the group of boys. During assemblies, Ralph gives the boys instructions, creates several rules, and allows Jack to be in charge of the hunters.
As the novel progresses, Ralph notices that the boys have gradually begun dismissing his directives and neglecting their agreed-upon duties. He also becomes aware of Jack's jealousy and antagonistic nature. After the signal fire goes out and the boys miss a rare opportunity to be rescued, Ralph becomes frustrated, angry, and stressed out. Samneric then claim to have witnessed the beast at the top of the mountain, and hysteria quickly spreads throughout the group.
As Jack's popularity begins to rise and the boys continue to dismiss Ralph's directives, Ralph gradually loses confidence and becomes pessimistic. Ralph no longer desires to be chief and is fed up with Jack's aggressive, hostile personality. When the majority of boys join Jack's tribe, Ralph becomes depressed and begins to lose hope. Ralph then participates in Simon's murder and begins to fear Jack and his savages.
Following Piggy's brutal death, Ralph recognizes that he has become the savages' next target and is forced to run and hide through the forest to avoid Jack and his hunters. Ralph understands that he is Jack's primary enemy and desperately attempts to survive as the savages hunt him throughout the island. Fortunately, a British naval officer prevents the savages from capturing Ralph. In the final scene of the story, Ralph is overcome with emotion and bursts into tears when he realizes the wicked nature of humanity and recalls Piggy's death. By the end of the novel, Ralph has transformed into a jaded, traumatized boy who understands mankind's inherently evil nature.