What is the changing role of fire between Jack’s tribe and Ralph’s in Lord of the Flies?

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Fire, in this novel and many others, is symbolic of life.  Without it, you don't survive, and in LOF they will never be rescued if they don't keep the signal fire burning.  Ironically, it is the entire island on fire (set to "smoke" Ralph out of hiding so Jack's tribe can hunt him down) that rescues Ralph and the others.

Fire brings many comforts--cooked meat, warmth at night, and protection from the beast.  Piggy's glasses are the catalyst to the fire. Whoever has them (symbolic of Piggy's wisdom and ability to "see" clearly what needs to be done), has control of fire, and ultimately power over the other boys.

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