In the United States today, most people billed as reformers want to enact changes that would allow for more flexibility in the schools and more teacher accountability. Put differently, they would like to have a system where teachers are evaluated on the basis of how their students perform. They would also like to have a system where it is easier to reward those teachers whose students perform well and to remediate (or to punish and fire, if remediation doesn’t work) those teachers whose students do not perform. Some reformers would also like to see more competition in the educational system, with charter schools and even vouchers that parents could use to send their kids to private school being allowed.
Although they are not labeled reformers, some people want to see different changes. They would like to see the system move away from high-stakes testing. They would like to see more funding for schools. They would like to see lower class sizes. These, however, are not typically seen as reformist attitudes because they do not really call for fundamental change in the system.