What changes in preindustrial life and work were caused by the market revolution?From the Out of Many apush textbook, chapter 12 question 1

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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In Chapter 12 of Out of Many, there is an entire section that is devoted to the topic of the changes caused by the market revolution.  In short, the market revolution made work more regimented and took it out of the family context.  It made life more regimented and separated leisure and work more clearly.  Let us look at some specifics offered by the book.

Personal relationships became less important in the workplace.  Before the market revolution, artisans worked individually with apprentices who lived with them and learned the trade.  These were close personal relationships between the artisan and the apprentice.  This went away and, in its place, came boss-worker relations.

Mechanization arose.  This helped to destroy the artisans as well.  Instead of having (for example) tailors making clothes on a skilled basis, less-skilled workers used machines to mass produce clothes.

Time became less flexible.  Instead of being their own bosses, people had to live by the clock.  They had to be at work at a given time and leave at a given time.  Work was also very separate from leisure.

The cash economy.  The market revolution did away with old patterns of barter between neighbors.  Instead, people used cash to buy things in stores.  This helped to erode social ties.

In all of these ways, the market revolution radically changed life and work.

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