What changes were brought about in Russian society after the October Revolution?

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boomer-sooner eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Life in Russia before the October Revolution was one of hard work and censorship.  After the revolution in 1917, the hard work and censorship remained with governmental cruelty as well.

Prior to the Bolshevik Revolution, land ownership was maintained by government-connected wealthy individuals, much like the feudal system in Europe.  Freedom of the press was non-existent, and the economy struggled to maintain any stability.  The disastrous losses of World War I haunted the country and ensured dismal morale throughout the populace.

After the October Revolution, which actually occurred in November 1917, there was little change in Russian society as a whole.  The press was still tightly regulated, and the economy struggled.  One of the major changes was the re-distribution of land.  Peasants were given de facto permission from the new government to divide the land previously owned by large landlords amongst themselves.  This allowed the peasants to farm the land as their own.  However, the poor economy failed to support them, leading in part to the Civil War.  Independence and criticism of the young government were not tolerated.  The Kronstadt Soviet Republic was a naval station traditionally serving as a revolutionary sector.  The Bolsheviks crushed the Republic and reintegrated it into greater Russia.

The communist regime put into place by the Bolsheviks remained until the fall of the USSR.  Average Russian citizens remained largely isolated from the advancements of Western societies.  Party officials and black markets allowed for some exposure to Western comforts.