What changes in attitude about religion fueled the Gothic movement?
In the 19th century scientific progress was quite evident in the discovery of fossils, Darwinism, and psychological new paradigms that questioned God's central importance in everyday life. This became known as the "death of God". As a result of this, more questions arose about life after death. Did our insistence in scientific progress KILL god, and if so, are we damn forever for doing so?
Art and Literature became affected by the psychological and moral preocupations of the times. Elements of the paranormal were consistently mentioned in many works, mentioning the darkness of the soul, the inevitability of fate, damnation, mystery, nostalgia and agony as common Gothic characteristics. In the Arts, many kept strong hold in their religious believes and we see the very hyperbolic statues of suffering Saints, martyrs, and of Jesus himself in extremely furnished Cathedrals.
This is a way in which both concepts effected each other.
The Gothic movement began in the late 12th century. By this time the Church dominated every aspect of medieval life. The King was believed to have been appointed byGod to rule. There was a rapid growth in monastic life.
Building great churches was a matter of wealth and pride. Building these churches was a way of showing honor to the King and to God. In the Gothic movement, the building was vertical. The cathedrals wer built higher and higher, reaching toward the heavens, symbolizing the striving toward God.
As towns grew and developed, labor and skills were available to build the huge cathedrals, in which light and color were the most important features.