When we think of an antagonist within a story, it's easy to picture a villain who opposes the main character and stands in the way of them accomplishing their goal. However, not every story has a human villain standing in their way. Sometimes an antagonist is simply a force that the protagonist must contend with.
This is largely the case in "Pigeon Humor" by Susan Beth Pfeffer. At first glance, one might think that the main character's mother is the antagonist of the story, as she is a caustic and bitter woman who makes biting remarks throughout the tale about the main character's father, who has just died.
However, the mother does not...
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