Because the needs of every student will be unique to that particular child and because the availability of resources to meet the specific circumstances dictated by a child's unique needs will vary from place to place, it is impossible to give one all-inclusive answer that includes all the potential challenges that may be faced.
Special educators sometimes work with parents or caregivers who are overly protective and unrealistic in their expectations for what services may be provided or what changes in the level of their child's disability may be accomplished. Other parents may be in denial of their child's needs and may refuse services that are available.
Special educators may face physical conditions that create challenges to the provision of services. A child with physical disabilities may benefit from an electric wheelchair, but this would require that the family lives in a single-story home with wide doorways and accessible sinks, toilets, hardware on doors, and so forth. The addition of a ramp, widening of hallways , and other modifications complicates the provision of support to some children.
Different types of needs require specialized training for the teachers and support personnel dealing with a particular child. The availability of that training, the flexibility of educators and schools to provide individualized scheduling, the provision of adaptations of classroom settings and activities, the willingness to communicate openly and in detail with all the parties involved in some facet of providing services for each child - all of these present challenges that demand time, energy, and attention on the part of the special educator attempting to coordinate services.