What challenges does Junior face on and off the reservation in The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian? What troubles does he go through?

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Perhaps an easier question to answer would be, "What problems does Junior not go through?"

Throughout this funny, touching, and often heartbreaking book, Junior goes through a series of trials and tribulations, both on the reservation and in his new life at Reardan High School.

The first problem that Junior...

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Perhaps an easier question to answer would be, "What problems does Junior not go through?"

Throughout this funny, touching, and often heartbreaking book, Junior goes through a series of trials and tribulations, both on the reservation and in his new life at Reardan High School.

The first problem that Junior tells us about, apart from the fact that he was born with water on the brain, is the poverty faced by everybody on the reservation. He and his family are so poor that they cannot to take Junior's much-loved dog, Oscar, to the vet when he gets sick, so Junior's father's solution was to take Oscar out back and shoot him.

The other big problem that Oscar later faced on the reservation was being rejected by his best friend, Rowdy, after he decided to leave the reservation high school and transfer to Reardan, a "white" school.

Once he gets to Reardan, he faces problems such as a much longer trip from home to school, which he sometimes has to make on foot. Then, of course, there are the inevitable problems of trying to fit in at a new school, which were exacerbated by the fact that Junior was different from all the other students.

Perhaps the biggest trial of all is the death of Oscar's sister, which has a profound effect on every facet of Oscar's life.

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On the reservation, Junior faces poverty and a school system that is missing a lot of vital resources. His parents' lack of money means that they haven't been able to realize their dreams, and they are depressed. His sister, Mary, dreams of being a romance writer, but she too seems depressed. His family cannot afford veterinary care for his dog, who his father has to shoot. The school Junior attends is so old that he has the same geometry book his mother had when she attended school.

Off the reservation, Junior faces prejudice when he attends a school with white kids. He feels out of place in the school off the reservation, and his friends back home consider him a traitor for having left the reservation school. He also is embarrassed because he doesn't have the money the white kids do. These are some of the troubles he faces on and off the reservation.

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The protagonist Junior (Arnold Spirit) faces many challenges on and off the reservation in The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-time Indian.  On the reservation, Junior feels that he is not getting a quality education.  When he receives his mother's previous math textbook, he realizes that the school materials have not been updated for decades.  He is angry because he feels like he and others on the reservation are being treated like they are not worthy of a solid education.  In addition, Junior sees the rampant alcoholism that is destroying many people's lives on the reservation, and he wishes that there were some way correct this problem.

Junior decides to pursue his education outside the reservation so that he can have better opportunities than the ones offered on the Spokane Indian Reservation.  He travels miles to Reardan, the nearest school off the reservation.  There he is the only Native American student, and he does not fit in easily with the rest of the crowd.  Plus, his best friend Rowdy who is back on the reservation feels like Junior has betrayed him, so after Junior leaves to Reardan, Rowdy cuts off their friendship.  Junior must deal with many challenges in order to try to improve his life.

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