What challenges did Aboriginal people face in the early 1900s with respect to their treatment by the federal government?

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The main challenge faced by Aboriginal peoples (referring in this case to the indigenous peoples of North America and Australia, as the question did not specify to which it was referring) in the early 20th Century was one of cultural survival in the face of official governmental policies intended to integrate them into the Caucasian world without regard to ancient tribal traditions, cultures, or practices.  While the threat of physical annihilation receded with the dawn of a new century, the threat of forced assimilation remained very much alive.

While the use of so-called “residential schools”...

(The entire section contains 282 words.)

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