The Spirit of the Laws by Montesquieu

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What is the central idea of "The Spirit Of the Laws" by Montesquieu?

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One of the central ideas of The Spirit of the Laws is that countries' governments correspond to their principles. For example, democratic countries are motivated by the love of virtue, of placing the needs of the greater good above individual interests. People under a despotic government are guided by the principle of fear, and those under a monarchical system of government are guided not by virtue but by honor, the desire to attain titles and privileges from the monarch. Therefore, the three underlying principles in different forms of government are virtue (in a democracy); honor (in a monarchy); and fear (in a despotic government). The educational systems in each form of government will have different goals--virtue in a democracy, fear in a despotic system, and honor in a monarchy. These different...

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