The Ottoman Empire was made up of many ethnicities and religions, however Muslims formed the majority. The Muslims did not mingle with other religions and were considered superior to Christians and Jews. The Jews and Christians had Sunni Turkish rulers. Many Christians were Greeks and Assyrians.
It is noteworthy that monotheists were not mistreated by the Muslims because they shared common aspects in their religions. Furthermore, justice during this period was served based on the religion of a person. The religious laws of the accused were applied during trial.
People who were not Muslim were forced to pay higher taxes. Christians were required to pay blood tax by sacrificing their sons. In addition, only Muslims held government positions. Jews and Christians who converted to Islam were also allowed to hold government positions.
On the other hand, women in the Ottoman Empire followed Islamic law, and they had the right to inherit, to own property, to file for divorce, and more. Women were homemakers. They helped their husbands in their work, particularly in small businesses and agriculture, to support the family.